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11.422 Downtown Management Organizations, Fall 2006

Crime in Philadelphia is mapped using graphical software.
A graphical representation of crime hotspots in Philadelphia. (Image by Prof. Lorlene Hoyt.)

Highlights of this Course

This course features a full reading list and a list of lecture topics from the class.

Course Description

This course focuses on the origins, functions, and implications of downtown management organizations (DMOs), such as business improvement districts, in a variety of national contexts including the United States, Canada, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. It critically examines how a range of urban theories provide a rationale for the establishment and design of DMOs; the evolution and transnational transfer of DMO policy; and the spatial and political externalities associated with the local proliferation of DMOs. Particular emphasis is given to the role of DMOs in securing public space.


Prof. Lorlene Hoyt

Course Meeting Times

One session / week
3 hours / session



Additional Features

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