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21H.234J / 11.339J / 11.026J Downtown, Spring 2005

New York City.

New York City, one of the world's most vibrant examples of downtown. (Image courtesy of Keith McCluskey, ©

Highlights of this Course

This course features a full set of readings from the class, and two of the best student papers in the assignments section.

Course Description

This seminar focuses on downtowns in U.S. cities from the late nineteenth century to the late twentieth century. Emphasis will be placed on downtown as an idea, place, and cluster of interests; on the changing character of downtown; and on recent efforts to rebuild it. Subjects to be considered will include subways, skyscrapers, highways, urban renewal, and retail centers. The focus will be on readings, discussions, and individual research projects.


Prof. Robert Fogelson
Prof. Bernard Frieden

Course Meeting Times

One session / week
2 hours / session


Undergraduate / Graduate


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