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Relevant Books

Gray, G. E., and L. A. Hoel, eds. Public Transportation. 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1991. ISBN: 0137263813.

Canadian Transit Handbook. 2nd ed. Toronto, Canada: Canadian Urban Transit Association, 1985. ISBN: 092055900X.

Vuchic, V. R. Urban Public Transportation Systems and Technology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1981. ISBN: 0139394966.

Transit Capacity and Quality of Service Manual. 2nd ed. TCRP Report 100. Transportation Research Board, 2003.

Public Transportation Fact Book. 56th ed. Washington, DC: American Public Transportation Association, 2005. ISBN: 1931594147.

Assigned Readings

2 Alternative Services and Modes Gray, G. E., and L. A. Hoel, eds. Public Transportation. 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1991, chapter 4. ISBN: 0137263813.
3 Capacity and Productivity Supplementary Readings

Pushkarev, B. S., and J. M. Zupan. "Transit Supply: Operating and Capital Costs." Chapter 3 in Public Transportation and Land Use Policy. Indiana, PA: Papermill Books. ISBN: 0253346827.
4-5 Short-Range Transit Planning

Service Standards and Performance Measures
Benn, H. P. "Bus Route Evaluation Standards." Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Synthesis 10. Washington, DC: Barton-Aschman Associates, Inc., 1995. (PDF)

"Service Delivery Policy." Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. September 1996.

Wilson, N. H. M., D. Nelson, A. Palmere, T. Grayson, and C. Cederquist. "Service Quality Monitoring for High-Frequency Transit Lines." Transportation Research Record 1349 (1992): 3-11.

Dawson, W. R. "Optimizing Transit Service Decisions Based on Ridership - Good for Passengers and the Community." Paper presented at UITP Congress, Toronto, May 1999.
6-9 Service Planning Process

Data Collection: Needs and Techniques

Automated Data Collection Systems

Design of Data Collection Programs
Furth, P. G., J. Attanucci, I. Burns, and N. H. M. Wilson. "Transit Data Collection Design Manual." U.S. DOT Report DOT-I-85-38, 1985, pp. 1-121.

Furth, P. G. "Comparison of Eight Sampling Strategies to Estimate Bus System Passenger-Miles." Journal of Transportation Statistics (2003).

Muller, Th. H. J., and P. G. Furth. "Trip Time Analyzers: Key to Transit Service Quality." Transportation Research Record 1760 (2001): 10-19.

Furth, Peter G. "Data Analysis for Bus Planning and Monitoring: Synthesis of Transit Practice." Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Synthesis 34 (2000). (PDF - 1.3 MB)
10-11 Transit Demand

Ridership Forecasting
Toronto Transit Commission. "Ridership Forecasting Methods." Service Standards Process Technical Background Papers no. 1, January 1991.

Mayworm, P., A. M. Lago, and J. M. McEnroe. "Patronage Impacts of Changes in Transit Fares and Services." Executive Summary. U.S. DOT, UMTA, RR 135-1, September 1980, pp. 7-18.

Stopher, P. R., and S. M. Mulhall. "Route Level Patronage Forecasting Methods - A Survey of Transit Operators." July 1991. Paper prepared for submission to TRB 71st Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 1992.

Peng, Z., K. J. Dueker, J. Strathman, and J. Hopper. "A simultaneous route-level transit patronage model: Demand, supply, and inter-route relationship." Transportation 24, no. 2 (1997): 159-181.

Supplementary Readings

Stopher, P. R. "Development of a Route Level Patronage Forecasting Method." Transportation 19, no. 3 (1992): 201-220.
12-13 Cost Modelling I

Cost Modelling II
Herzenberg, A. "Methods of Estimating the Costs of Drivers' Wages for Bus Service." Transportation Research Record 947 (1983): 7-14.

Supplementary Readings

"Estimating Incremental Costs of Bus Route Service Changes." NCTRP Report 16, 1988.
14-15 Performance of a Single Route

Analysis Methods for a Single Route
Chapman, R. A., and J. F. Michel. "Modeling the Tendency of Buses to Form Pairs." Transportation Science 12, no. 2 (1978): 165-175.

Wilson, N. H. M., and T. Lin. "Dwell-Time Relationships for Light Rail Systems." Transportation Research Record 1361 (1993): 296-304.

Furth, P. G., and A. B. Rahbee. "Optimal Bus Stop Spacing Using Dynamic Programming and Geographic Modeling." Transportation Research Record 1731 (2000): 15-22.

Supplementary Readings

Joliffe, J. K., and T. D. Hutchinson. "A Behavioral Explanation of the Associations Between Bus and Passenger Arrivals at a Bus Stop." Transportation Science 9, no. 3 (1975): 248-281.
16-18 Vehicle Size, Service Frequency and Cost Tradeoffs

Frequency Determination

Vehicle Scheduling
Salzborn, F. J. M. "Optimum Bus Scheduling." Transportation Science 6 (1972): 137-148.

Furth, P. G., and N. Wilson. "Setting Frequencies on Bus Routes: Theory and Practice." Transportation Research Record 818 (1981): 1-7.

Supplementary Readings

Odoni, A. R., J. M. Rousseau, and N. H. M. Wilson. "Models in Urban and Air Transportation," and "Operations Research and the Public Sector." In Handbooks in Operations Research and Management Science. Vol. 6. Elsevier Science Publishers, 1994, pp. 107-150. (Urban section only.)

Ceder, A. "Public Transport Scheduling." In Handbooks in Transport. Handbook 3: Transport Systems and Traffic Control. Edited by D. Hensher and K. Button. New York, NY: Pergamon Imprint, Elsevier Science Ltd. Pub., 2001, pp. 539-558.

———. "Public Transport Timetabling and Vehicle Scheduling." Chapter 2 in Advanced Modeling for Transit Operations and Service Planning. Edited by W. Lam and M. Bell. New York, NY: Pergamon Imprint, Elsevier Science Ltd. Pub., 2003, pp 31-57. ISBN: 0080442064.
19-20 Vehicle Scheduling (cont.)

Crew Scheduling
Koffman, J., and J. Rousseau. "Scheduling Under Relaxed Constraints." Proceedings of Operations and Service Planning Symposium, Washington, DC, 1993.

Blais, J., J. Lamont, and J. Rousseau. "The HASTUS Vehicle and Manpower Scheduling System at the Société de transport de la Communaute urbaine de Montréal." Interfaces 20, no. 1 (1990): 26-42.
21-23 High Ridership Corridor Strategies

Network Design Methods

Urban Public Transit Connectivity
Ceder, A., and N. H. M. Wilson. "Bus Network Design." Transportation Research 20B, no. 4 (1986): 331-344.

Furth, P. G., B. Day, and J. Attanucci. "Operating Strategies for Major Radial Bus Routes." U.S. DOT Report DOT-I-84-27.

Canadian Transit Handbook. Toronto, Canada: Canadian Urban Transit Association, 1985, chapter 6. ISBN: 092055900X.

Supplementary Readings

Becker, J., and J. Bakker. "The Design of Timed Transfer Networks." Proceedings of Operations and Service Planning Symposium, Washington, DC, 1993.
24-26 Bus Priority Systems

Service Reliability and Operations Control

Review and Summary
Transit Reliability Workshop. "The Transit Service Reliability Problem and Potential Solutions." Technical Report UMTA-NY-06-0097-83-01, 1983.

Wilson, N. H. M., R. A. Macchi, R. E. Fellows, and A. A. Deckoff. "Improving Service on the MBTA Green Line Through Better Operations Control." Transportation Research Record 1361 (1992): 296-304.

Furth, Peter G., and Theo H. J. Muller. "Conditional Bus Priority at Signalized Intersections: Better Service Quality with Less Traffic Disruption." Transportation Research Record 1731 (2000): 23-20.